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Social Sciences Projects (3)

Israel
Hilit Oreny
The Influence of Georges Sorel's Political Thought on Italian Fascism

Georges Sorel (1847-1922) was a French philosopher and political theorist. Sorel's writings shaped the principles of a Marxist doctrine called revolutionary syndicalism. The syndicalists called on the proletariat to use trade unions to initiate a violent and immediate democracy-crushing revolution. The project analyzes the political theory of Sorel and his followers in France and in Italy, and tracks its development over time. This analysis is unique in showing that this development occurred in both countries in tandem, with the French developments triggering the Italian ones. Moreover, it shows how Italian fascist ideology and Mussolini’s views were based on syndicalism. By doing so, it links fascism and the political Left.  This project promotes an understanding of fascism that transcends beyond the over-simplistic but commonly held view that fascism originated in the political Right. Hopefully, this insight would be useful in fighting future fascism.
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Norway
Alex Bergsåker
Guanxi – the Significance of Relations and Social Networks in Chinese Business

This thesis is a social anthropological study of the importance of Guanxi, i.e. relations and social networks, in Chinese business. The research will endeavour to describe and explain the mechanisms involved in Guanxi. The author attempts to achieve a holistic understanding of people, culture and society by means of detailed studies and comparisons of local life. Fieldwork consisting of observation and interviews are the most importance source of research data. Having a large and influential social network – good Guanxi, in other words – is decisive in Chinese business culture. Good Guanxi is a prerequisite for all business dealings in a completely different way than in the West. It can also be used to achieve benefits and to solve conflicts in other contexts. The most important way of building Guanxi is through business meals, which are very unusual in that they are organised on the basis of a specific social situation, they have a specific purpose and follow specific rules.
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Spain
Marc Barceló Tost
Handbook of Quenya: Introduction to the Study of Quenya Language and History of the Elves

The goals of my research were to deep into the knowledge of the literary universe of JRR Tolkien and to use this knowledge for writing, patterning and editing a fiction textbook of one of the aspects that most called my attention: the fact that there were fictional languages in his books. The paper focuses on one of the languages (Quenya) and explains some of the mythological history of its speakers (the Elves). Firstly, I had to research throughout his works and other authors’, who are very fond of those languages, to establish my own grammatical paradigms and create an easy and attractive method (also visually) for the student. The handbook is completed with accompanying maps, genealogical tables and Elvish letters tables. The result of my research can be found in the wording and editing of the book themselves.
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